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socket_base.cpp

/*
    Copyright (c) 2007-2010 iMatix Corporation

    This file is part of 0MQ.

    0MQ is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
    the terms of the Lesser GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    0MQ is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    Lesser GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the Lesser GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#include <new>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>

#include "../include/zmq.h"

#include "socket_base.hpp"
#include "app_thread.hpp"

#include "zmq_listener.hpp"
#include "zmq_connecter.hpp"
#include "io_thread.hpp"
#include "session.hpp"
#include "config.hpp"
#include "owned.hpp"
#include "pipe.hpp"
#include "err.hpp"
#include "ctx.hpp"
#include "platform.hpp"
#include "pgm_sender.hpp"
#include "pgm_receiver.hpp"
#include "likely.hpp"
#include "uuid.hpp"

zmq::socket_base_t::socket_base_t (app_thread_t *parent_) :
    object_t (parent_),
    pending_term_acks (0),
    ticks (0),
    rcvmore (false),
    app_thread (parent_),
    shutting_down (false),
    sent_seqnum (0),
    processed_seqnum (0),
    next_ordinal (1)
{
}

zmq::socket_base_t::~socket_base_t ()
{
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::setsockopt (int option_, const void *optval_,
    size_t optvallen_)
{
    if (unlikely (app_thread->is_terminated ())) {
        errno = ETERM;
        return -1;
    }

    //  First, check whether specific socket type overloads the option.
    int rc = xsetsockopt (option_, optval_, optvallen_);
    if (rc == 0 || errno != EINVAL)
        return rc;

    //  If the socket type doesn't support the option, pass it to
    //  the generic option parser.
    return options.setsockopt (option_, optval_, optvallen_);
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::getsockopt (int option_, void *optval_,
    size_t *optvallen_)
{
    if (unlikely (app_thread->is_terminated ())) {
        errno = ETERM;
        return -1;
    }

    if (option_ == ZMQ_RCVMORE) {
        if (*optvallen_ < sizeof (int64_t)) {
            errno = EINVAL;
            return -1;
        }
        *((int64_t*) optval_) = rcvmore ? 1 : 0;
        *optvallen_ = sizeof (int64_t);
        return 0;
    }

    return options.getsockopt (option_, optval_, optvallen_);
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::bind (const char *addr_)
{
    if (unlikely (app_thread->is_terminated ())) {
        errno = ETERM;
        return -1;
    }

    //  Parse addr_ string.
    std::string addr_type;
    std::string addr_args;

    std::string addr (addr_);
    std::string::size_type pos = addr.find ("://");

    if (pos == std::string::npos) {
        errno = EINVAL;
        return -1;
    }

    addr_type = addr.substr (0, pos);
    addr_args = addr.substr (pos + 3);

    if (addr_type == "inproc")
        return register_endpoint (addr_args.c_str (), this);

    if (addr_type == "tcp" || addr_type == "ipc") {

#if defined ZMQ_HAVE_WINDOWS || defined ZMQ_HAVE_OPENVMS
        if (addr_type == "ipc") {
            errno = EPROTONOSUPPORT;
            return -1;
        }
#endif

        zmq_listener_t *listener = new (std::nothrow) zmq_listener_t (
            choose_io_thread (options.affinity), this, options);
        zmq_assert (listener);
        int rc = listener->set_address (addr_type.c_str(), addr_args.c_str ());
        if (rc != 0) {
            delete listener;
            return -1;
        }

        send_plug (listener);
        send_own (this, listener);
        return 0;
    }

#if defined ZMQ_HAVE_OPENPGM
    if (addr_type == "pgm" || addr_type == "epgm") {
        //  In the case of PGM bind behaves the same like connect.
        return connect (addr_); 
    }
#endif

    //  Unknown protocol.
    errno = EPROTONOSUPPORT;
    return -1;
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::connect (const char *addr_)
{
    if (unlikely (app_thread->is_terminated ())) {
        errno = ETERM;
        return -1;
    }

    //  Parse addr_ string.
    std::string addr_type;
    std::string addr_args;

    std::string addr (addr_);
    std::string::size_type pos = addr.find ("://");

    if (pos == std::string::npos) {
        errno = EINVAL;
        return -1;
    }

    addr_type = addr.substr (0, pos);
    addr_args = addr.substr (pos + 3);

    if (addr_type == "inproc") {

        //  TODO: inproc connect is specific with respect to creating pipes
        //  as there's no 'reconnect' functionality implemented. Once that
        //  is in place we should follow generic pipe creation algorithm.

        //  Find the peer socket.
        socket_base_t *peer = find_endpoint (addr_args.c_str ());
        if (!peer)
            return -1;

        pipe_t *in_pipe = NULL;
        pipe_t *out_pipe = NULL;

        //  Create inbound pipe, if required.
        if (options.requires_in) {
            in_pipe = new (std::nothrow) pipe_t (this, peer, options.hwm, options.swap);
            zmq_assert (in_pipe);
        }

        //  Create outbound pipe, if required.
        if (options.requires_out) {
            out_pipe = new (std::nothrow) pipe_t (peer, this, options.hwm, options.swap);
            zmq_assert (out_pipe);
        }

        //  Attach the pipes to this socket object.
        attach_pipes (in_pipe ? &in_pipe->reader : NULL,
            out_pipe ? &out_pipe->writer : NULL, blob_t ());

        //  Attach the pipes to the peer socket. Note that peer's seqnum
        //  was incremented in find_endpoint function. The callee is notified
        //  about the fact via the last parameter.
        send_bind (peer, out_pipe ? &out_pipe->reader : NULL,
            in_pipe ? &in_pipe->writer : NULL, options.identity, false);

        return 0;
    }

    //  Create unnamed session.
    io_thread_t *io_thread = choose_io_thread (options.affinity);
    session_t *session = new (std::nothrow) session_t (io_thread,
        this, options);
    zmq_assert (session);

    //  If 'immediate connect' feature is required, we'll created the pipes
    //  to the session straight away. Otherwise, they'll be created by the
    //  session once the connection is established.
    if (options.immediate_connect) {

        pipe_t *in_pipe = NULL;
        pipe_t *out_pipe = NULL;

        //  Create inbound pipe, if required.
        if (options.requires_in) {
            in_pipe = new (std::nothrow) pipe_t (this, session, options.hwm, options.swap);
            zmq_assert (in_pipe);

        }

        //  Create outbound pipe, if required.
        if (options.requires_out) {
            out_pipe = new (std::nothrow) pipe_t (session, this, options.hwm, options.swap);
            zmq_assert (out_pipe);
        }

        //  Attach the pipes to the socket object.
        attach_pipes (in_pipe ? &in_pipe->reader : NULL,
            out_pipe ? &out_pipe->writer : NULL, blob_t ());

        //  Attach the pipes to the session object.
        session->attach_pipes (out_pipe ? &out_pipe->reader : NULL,
            in_pipe ? &in_pipe->writer : NULL, blob_t ());
    }

    //  Activate the session.
    send_plug (session);
    send_own (this, session);

    if (addr_type == "tcp" || addr_type == "ipc") {

#if defined ZMQ_HAVE_WINDOWS || defined ZMQ_HAVE_OPENVMS
        //  Windows named pipes are not compatible with Winsock API.
        //  There's no UNIX domain socket implementation on OpenVMS.
        if (addr_type == "ipc") {
            errno = EPROTONOSUPPORT;
            return -1;
        }
#endif

        //  Create the connecter object. Supply it with the session name
        //  so that it can bind the new connection to the session once
        //  it is established.
        zmq_connecter_t *connecter = new (std::nothrow) zmq_connecter_t (
            choose_io_thread (options.affinity), this, options,
            session->get_ordinal (), false);
        zmq_assert (connecter);
        int rc = connecter->set_address (addr_type.c_str(), addr_args.c_str ());
        if (rc != 0) {
            delete connecter;
            return -1;
        }
        send_plug (connecter);
        send_own (this, connecter);

        return 0;
    }

#if defined ZMQ_HAVE_OPENPGM
    if (addr_type == "pgm" || addr_type == "epgm") {

        //  If the socket type requires bi-directional communication
        //  multicast is not an option (it is uni-directional).
        if (options.requires_in && options.requires_out) {
            errno = ENOCOMPATPROTO;
            return -1;
        }

        //  For epgm, pgm transport with UDP encapsulation is used.
        bool udp_encapsulation = (addr_type == "epgm");

        //  At this point we'll create message pipes to the session straight
        //  away. There's no point in delaying it as no concept of 'connect'
        //  exists with PGM anyway.
        if (options.requires_out) {

            //  PGM sender.
            pgm_sender_t *pgm_sender =  new (std::nothrow) pgm_sender_t (
                choose_io_thread (options.affinity), options);
            zmq_assert (pgm_sender);

            int rc = pgm_sender->init (udp_encapsulation, addr_args.c_str ());
            if (rc != 0) {
                delete pgm_sender;
                return -1;
            }

            send_attach (session, pgm_sender, blob_t ());
        }
        else if (options.requires_in) {

            //  PGM receiver.
            pgm_receiver_t *pgm_receiver =  new (std::nothrow) pgm_receiver_t (
                choose_io_thread (options.affinity), options);
            zmq_assert (pgm_receiver);

            int rc = pgm_receiver->init (udp_encapsulation, addr_args.c_str ());
            if (rc != 0) {
                delete pgm_receiver;
                return -1;
            }

            send_attach (session, pgm_receiver, blob_t ());
        }
        else
            zmq_assert (false);

        return 0;
    }
#endif

    //  Unknown protoco.
    errno = EPROTONOSUPPORT;
    return -1;
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::send (::zmq_msg_t *msg_, int flags_)
{
    //  Process pending commands, if any.
    if (unlikely (!app_thread->process_commands (false, true))) {
        errno = ETERM;
        return -1;
    }

    //  At this point we impose the MORE flag on the message.
    if (flags_ & ZMQ_SNDMORE)
        msg_->flags |= ZMQ_MSG_MORE;

    //  Try to send the message.
    int rc = xsend (msg_, flags_);
    if (rc == 0)
        return 0;

    //  In case of non-blocking send we'll simply propagate
    //  the error - including EAGAIN - upwards.
    if (flags_ & ZMQ_NOBLOCK)
        return -1;

    //  Oops, we couldn't send the message. Wait for the next
    //  command, process it and try to send the message again.
    while (rc != 0) {
        if (errno != EAGAIN)
            return -1;
        if (unlikely (!app_thread->process_commands (true, false))) {
            errno = ETERM;
            return -1;
        }
        rc = xsend (msg_, flags_);
    }
    return 0;
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::recv (::zmq_msg_t *msg_, int flags_)
{
    //  Get the message.
    int rc = xrecv (msg_, flags_);
    int err = errno;

    //  Once every inbound_poll_rate messages check for signals and process
    //  incoming commands. This happens only if we are not polling altogether
    //  because there are messages available all the time. If poll occurs,
    //  ticks is set to zero and thus we avoid this code.
    //
    //  Note that 'recv' uses different command throttling algorithm (the one
    //  described above) from the one used by 'send'. This is because counting
    //  ticks is more efficient than doing rdtsc all the time.
    if (++ticks == inbound_poll_rate) {
        if (unlikely (!app_thread->process_commands (false, false))) {
            errno = ETERM;
            return -1;
        }
        ticks = 0;
    }

    //  If we have the message, return immediately.
    if (rc == 0) {
        rcvmore = msg_->flags & ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
        if (rcvmore)
            msg_->flags &= ~ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
        return 0;
    }

    //  If we don't have the message, restore the original cause of the problem.
    errno = err;

    //  If the message cannot be fetched immediately, there are two scenarios.
    //  For non-blocking recv, commands are processed in case there's a revive
    //  command already waiting int a command pipe. If it's not, return EAGAIN.
    if (flags_ & ZMQ_NOBLOCK) {
        if (errno != EAGAIN)
            return -1;
        if (unlikely (!app_thread->process_commands (false, false))) {
            errno = ETERM;
            return -1;
        }
        ticks = 0;

        rc = xrecv (msg_, flags_);
        if (rc == 0) {
            rcvmore = msg_->flags & ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
            if (rcvmore)
                msg_->flags &= ~ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
        }
        return rc;
    }

    //  In blocking scenario, commands are processed over and over again until
    //  we are able to fetch a message.
    while (rc != 0) {
        if (errno != EAGAIN)
            return -1;
        if (unlikely (!app_thread->process_commands (true, false))) {
            errno = ETERM;
            return -1;
        }
        rc = xrecv (msg_, flags_);
        ticks = 0;
    }

    rcvmore = msg_->flags & ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
    if (rcvmore)
        msg_->flags &= ~ZMQ_MSG_MORE;
    return 0;
}

int zmq::socket_base_t::close ()
{
    shutting_down = true;

    //  Let the thread know that the socket is no longer available.
    app_thread->remove_socket (this);

    //  Pointer to the context must be retrieved before the socket is
    //  deallocated. Afterwards it is not available.
    ctx_t *ctx = get_ctx ();

    //  Unregister all inproc endpoints associated with this socket.
    //  From this point we are sure that inc_seqnum won't be called again
    //  on this object.
    ctx->unregister_endpoints (this);

    //  Wait till all undelivered commands are delivered. This should happen
    //  very quickly. There's no way to wait here for extensive period of time.
    while (processed_seqnum != sent_seqnum.get ())
        app_thread->process_commands (true, false);

    while (true) {

        //  On third pass of the loop there should be no more I/O objects
        //  because all connecters and listerners were destroyed during
        //  the first pass and all engines delivered by delayed 'own' commands
        //  are destroyed during the second pass.
        if (io_objects.empty () && !pending_term_acks)
            break;

        //  Send termination request to all associated I/O objects.
        for (io_objects_t::iterator it = io_objects.begin ();
              it != io_objects.end (); it++)
            send_term (*it);

        //  Move the objects to the list of pending term acks.
        pending_term_acks += io_objects.size ();
        io_objects.clear ();

        //  Process commands till we get all the termination acknowledgements.
        while (pending_term_acks)
            app_thread->process_commands (true, false);
    }

    //  Check whether there are no session leaks.
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    zmq_assert (named_sessions.empty ());
    zmq_assert (unnamed_sessions.empty ());
    sessions_sync.unlock ();

    delete this;

    //  This function must be called after the socket is completely deallocated
    //  as it may cause termination of the whole 0MQ infrastructure.
    ctx->destroy_socket ();

    return 0;
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::inc_seqnum ()
{
    //  NB: This function may be called from a different thread!
    sent_seqnum.add (1);
}

zmq::app_thread_t *zmq::socket_base_t::get_thread ()
{
    return app_thread;
}

bool zmq::socket_base_t::has_in ()
{
    return xhas_in ();
}

bool zmq::socket_base_t::has_out ()
{
    return xhas_out ();
}

bool zmq::socket_base_t::register_session (const blob_t &peer_identity_,
    session_t *session_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    bool registered = named_sessions.insert (
        std::make_pair (peer_identity_, session_)).second;
    sessions_sync.unlock ();
    return registered;
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::unregister_session (const blob_t &peer_identity_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    named_sessions_t::iterator it = named_sessions.find (peer_identity_);
    zmq_assert (it != named_sessions.end ());
    named_sessions.erase (it);
    sessions_sync.unlock ();
}

zmq::session_t *zmq::socket_base_t::find_session (const blob_t &peer_identity_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    named_sessions_t::iterator it = named_sessions.find (peer_identity_);
    if (it == named_sessions.end ()) {
        sessions_sync.unlock ();
        return NULL;
    }
    session_t *session = it->second;

    //  Prepare the session for subsequent attach command.
    session->inc_seqnum ();

    sessions_sync.unlock ();
    return session;    
}

uint64_t zmq::socket_base_t::register_session (session_t *session_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    uint64_t ordinal = next_ordinal;
    next_ordinal++;
    unnamed_sessions.insert (std::make_pair (ordinal, session_));
    sessions_sync.unlock ();
    return ordinal;
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::unregister_session (uint64_t ordinal_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();
    unnamed_sessions_t::iterator it = unnamed_sessions.find (ordinal_);
    zmq_assert (it != unnamed_sessions.end ());
    unnamed_sessions.erase (it);
    sessions_sync.unlock ();
}

zmq::session_t *zmq::socket_base_t::find_session (uint64_t ordinal_)
{
    sessions_sync.lock ();

    unnamed_sessions_t::iterator it = unnamed_sessions.find (ordinal_);
    if (it == unnamed_sessions.end ()) {
        sessions_sync.unlock ();
        return NULL;
    }
    session_t *session = it->second;

    //  Prepare the session for subsequent attach command.
    session->inc_seqnum ();

    sessions_sync.unlock ();
    return session; 
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::kill (reader_t *pipe_)
{
    xkill (pipe_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::revive (reader_t *pipe_)
{
    xrevive (pipe_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::revive (writer_t *pipe_)
{
    xrevive (pipe_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::attach_pipes (class reader_t *inpipe_,
    class writer_t *outpipe_, const blob_t &peer_identity_)
{
    if (inpipe_)
        inpipe_->set_endpoint (this);
    if (outpipe_)
        outpipe_->set_endpoint (this);

    //  If the peer haven't specified it's identity, let's generate one.
    if (peer_identity_.size ()) {
        xattach_pipes (inpipe_, outpipe_, peer_identity_);
    }
    else {
        blob_t identity (1, 0);
        identity.append (uuid_t ().to_blob (), uuid_t::uuid_blob_len);
        xattach_pipes (inpipe_, outpipe_, identity);
    }
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::detach_inpipe (class reader_t *pipe_)
{
    xdetach_inpipe (pipe_);
    pipe_->set_endpoint (NULL); // ?
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::detach_outpipe (class writer_t *pipe_)
{
    xdetach_outpipe (pipe_);
    pipe_->set_endpoint (NULL); // ?
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::process_own (owned_t *object_)
{
    io_objects.insert (object_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::process_bind (reader_t *in_pipe_, writer_t *out_pipe_,
    const blob_t &peer_identity_)
{
    attach_pipes (in_pipe_, out_pipe_, peer_identity_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::process_term_req (owned_t *object_)
{
    //  When shutting down we can ignore termination requests from owned
    //  objects. They are going to be terminated anyway.
    if (shutting_down)
        return;

    //  If I/O object is well and alive ask it to terminate.
    io_objects_t::iterator it = std::find (io_objects.begin (),
        io_objects.end (), object_);

    //  If not found, we assume that termination request was already sent to
    //  the object so we can sagely ignore the request.
    if (it == io_objects.end ())
        return;

    pending_term_acks++;
    io_objects.erase (it);
    send_term (object_);
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::process_term_ack ()
{
    zmq_assert (pending_term_acks);
    pending_term_acks--;
}

void zmq::socket_base_t::process_seqnum ()
{
    processed_seqnum++;
}


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